The UK Additional Protocol differs from that signed by non-nuclear weapons states, in that it contains additional measures that will either:
The protocol came into force in April 2004 and is implemented under the Nuclear Safeguards Act 2000 and the accompanying Nuclear Safeguards (Notifications) Regulations 2004 implement certain provisions of the act.
The Government is likely to be aware of certain parties who will provide information to satisfy its obligations under the additional protocol. However, there may be others that the Government is unaware of. The regulations require that such people make themselves known, so that they can provide the relevant information to be passed to the IAEA.
People who are:
that are carried out in co-operation with, or are otherwise relevant to, a non-nuclear weapon State (i.e. any state other than China, France, Russia, the UK or USA), and that are not funded, specifically authorised or controlled by, or carried out on behalf of Her Majestys Government. Such activities, including computer and paper-based studies, need to be declared whether or not they involve nuclear material.
Carrying out the following activities:
Contact us by writing to ONR Safeguards, 4th Floor, Windsor House, 50 Victoria Street, London, SW1H 0TL or emailing email@example.com with the following information:
By no later than 15 January in the year following the start of the activity.
Unless your details change, they need only be provided once.
ONR will write to request the provision of information on each activity. The request will specify the format in which the information should be provided and the date by which it should be provided.
The information will be declared to the IAEA in order to satisfy the UK's international nuclear non-proliferation obligations under the Additional Protocol to its safeguards agreement with Euratom and the IAEA.
Only information that is necessary for the purposes of the Additional Protocol will be sought, and in most cases it is expected that such information will not be confidential.
Nonetheless, the Nuclear Safeguards Act 2000 makes the unauthorised disclosure in the UK of information obtained under the Act (and hence the Regulations) a criminal offence, with exceptions in certain clearly defined circumstances. The Additional Protocol requires the IAEA to maintain a stringent regime to ensure effective protection against disclosure of any confidential information that comes to its knowledge.