Legal framework and regulations
Energy Act 2013
ONR was established as a statutory Public Corporation on 1 April 2014 under the Energy Act 2013. It provides the framework of responsibilities and the powers of the organisation.
ONR is formally established by Part 3 of the Energy Act, and a Commencement Order brought the relevant sections and the organisation into being.
Other legislation that underpins the legal framework for the nuclear industry includes:
- Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 Employers are responsible for ensuring the safety of their workers and the public.
- Nuclear Installations Act 1965 (NIA) A site cannot have a nuclear plant unless the user has been granted a site licence by ONR. Only a corporate body can hold such a licence.
- Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999 Provides for protection of workers in all industries from ionising radiations and by the general health and safety regulation which ONR also enforces at nuclear sites.
- Nuclear Industries Security Regulations 2003 ONR Civil Nuclear Security (CNS) conducts its regulatory activities, approving security arrangements within the industry and enforcing compliance under the authority of these regulations.